San Antonio-area public school districts offer an array of dual-language programs. Many local children speak English as their second language, which means they acquire both their native family language as well as the language of the surrounding community. These children are classified as dual language learners (DLLs). Because students attain different levels of English language proficiency, there are three separate but similar programs for DLLs, which include dual language, English as a Second Language (ESL), and bilingual. There are several languages represented in San Antonio-area public schools, including Spanish, Italian, French, Mandarin Chinese, German, Greek, Arabic, Hebrew, and American Sign Language. Parents are welcome and encouraged to explore the many language education options that are available and decide which programs best match their child’s individual needs.
ESL programs help students attain better proficiency in the English language. The lessons are taught entirely in English, and ESL classrooms are made up of students with many different language backgrounds.
The difference between ESL programs and bilingual programs is that in a bilingual classroom, students all speak the same native language. Bilingual teachers speak both English and the students’ native language. Teachers initially speak to the class in the native language, and then slowly progress to teaching only in English. Bilingual education programs aim to have ELLs join their English-speaking peers in regular English- speaking classes. These students are referred to as biliterate, which means they have the skills to read and write fluently in both languages.
In dual language classrooms, half of the students speak the same foreign language, while the other half are native English speakers. Teachers instruct half of the lesson in the foreign language and the other half in English. Dual language programs positively benefit all students because they are able to learn a new language. These programs serve as both a helpful additive plan for ELLs, as well as a rigorous foreign language plan for English speaking students.
San Antonio public schools believe in the many benefits of appreciating bilinguals, polyglots, and multilingualism in their diverse communities. San Antonio school districts welcome inclusion and diversity, and they celebrate the individual differences of each public school student.