Careers in Building, Construction, and Development
High School CTE Prepares Students for Trade School to become an Architect, Construction Manager, Electrician, Plumber, HVAC Technician, or Interior Designer
The Architecture and Construction cluster focuses on the process of design, planning, management, and building. Various fields of architecture include interior design and construction management.
Many certifications are available for high school CTE students including certification in Autodesk Certified Professional in AutoCAD, NCCER Carpentry and Construction, NCCER Electrical, NCCER HVAC, NCCER Masonry, Tradesman Plumber, or NCCER Pipefitter. Students can begin a path to these careers in high school by shadowing an architect, interior designer, carpenter, electrician, plumber, or civil engineer, or they can intern at an architecture firm or construction company to get experience.
Architectural Design and Architect Careers
The Architectural Design CTE program explores the fields of engineering and designing structures. CTE students may also learn how to collect and interpret geographic information, research maps, and design interior spaces.
An architect designs the interior and exteriors of buildings. Architects oversee all steps of a structure’s development. They determine a project’s needs, estimate costs, create structural specifications, and manage construction. Architects have the responsibility to make sure a building is safe, functional, attractive, environmentally friendly, and in compliance with regulations. Architects, who are assisted by architectural technologists and technicians, must be able to adapt plans as budgets, environmental factors, or clients’ wishes change. (Target Careers)
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median annual architect salary is $82,000.
Students interested in becoming an architect should focus on math classes such as algebra, geometry, calculus, and trigonometry. The study of physics is also important, for understanding concepts such as force, tension, and compression. Students should also explore the arts, such as drawing, sculpting, painting, and photography which help students learn to visualize and conceptualize. Many CTE classes introduce students to tools like 3d modeling software that they can use in future architecture classes and careers.
What is interior design?
The New York School of Interior Design states,“Interior design is about how we experience spaces...like comfortable homes, functional workspaces, and beautiful public spaces.” Interior designers aim to use their skills to improve life with interior design styles. The American Society of Interior Designers strives to advance the interior design profession, which uses the power of design to positively change people’s lives.
Interior designers have extensive education in fields like architecture, computer-aided design, or fine arts. Interior designers work with homeowners for projects like bathroom and kitchen design, and they work with builders, architects, and business owners to create functional and aesthetically pleasing spaces. An interior designer is educated in the history of design, ethics, spatial concepts, building structure, building codes, computer-aided drawing, and more.
An interior decorator, on the other hand, is limited to working with and installing colors, fabrics, furniture, and textiles to improve a space. (My Move- How to Become an Interior Designer)
Construction Management Careers
The Construction Management and Inspection CTE program teaches students to determine the cost and pricing bids for construction projects. Students can also explore inspection engineering to determine structural soundness and compliance with building codes.
A career as a construction project manager involves hands-on work as well as knowledge of construction project management software and leading a team of coworkers. A Construction Management degree program can prepare students for jobs as: construction managers, project managers, project engineers, construction consultants, and more.
U.S. News reports that the average residential and commercial construction management salary is around $95,000, making it an attractive career for CTE students.
Structural Engineer and Civil Engineer Careers
Structural engineers primarily design and construct buildings and structures. They make sure that the structures are safe and capable of withstanding exposure to the elements. Structural engineering professionals also work to improve structural integrity of existing buildings. They have exceptional knowledge of construction materials and methods, as well as legal regulations. (Target Jobs)
This is similar to the role of a civil engineer. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, civil engineers design, build, and supervise infrastructure projects and systems.
U.S. News reports that the average civil engineer salary is around $87,000, which is similar to a structural engineer salary.
Both structural engineering jobs and civil engineering jobs deal with analysis, design, and construction. However, some differences set them apart. All structural engineers are civil engineers, but not all civil engineers are structural engineers.(Carroll Engineering Corporation)
Construction associations and groups of people within the construction industry are available for support, training, and networking.
Associated Builders and Contractors help members win work and deliver safe, ethical, and profitable work for the betterment of the communities they represent.
The National Association of Women in Construction (NAWIC) assists in strengthening the success of women in the construction industry with professional development, education, public service, and community advocacy.
Texas Builders Foundation, which is a part of the Texas Association of Builders, serves as a resource to students, citizens, and the construction industry to support Texas’ construction workforce. They play a large part in facilitating charitable construction industry activities.
Carpenters and Carpentry Trade School
Carpenters construct, install, and repair structures made from wood or other materials like plastic, drywall, or fiberglass. Carpenters are skilled in various levels of construction, from building highways or bridges to kitchen cabinet installation. (Student Scholarships.org)
Public school students who wish to attend carpentry school can begin their carpentry pathway in CTE classes in high school. They can learn the basics of construction and work towards a carpentry certification and/or an apprenticeship. CTE Carpentry programs focus on the education of constructing, installing, or repairing wooden structures such as frameworks, rafters, and stairways.
Electricians and Electrician Trade School
High school students who plan to attend electrician school can get a head start in CTE classes. Electrical Technology courses teach the knowledge and skills needed to become an electrician or pursue an electrical apprenticeship position. Students acquire an education in electrical safety, electrical theory, tools, electrical equipment installation, and reading of electrical drawings and specifications. (TX CTE)
How to become an electrician
Students can become an apprentice electrician or plan to attend an electrician trade school. After about 4 years of training, an apprentice becomes a journeyman electrician, and approximately 2 years after that, they can become a master electrician. (How to Become an Electrician in Texas)
How much do electricians make?
Electricians earn an average of $60,000 annually. U.S. News
Electrical work on commercial or industrial jobs can pay higher than smaller residential jobs. Working with high-voltage electrical wiring and equipment can also bring higher wages because of the safety risk.
Plumbers and Plumbing Trade School
The Plumbing and Pipefitting pathway of CTE’s Construction cluster explores the occupations and education related to installing or repairing pipes, fittings, or fixtures of water, heating, or drainage. CTE plumbing programs can include maintaining pipe supports or related hydraulic equipment for hot water, steam, cooling, heating, lubricating, and sprinkling.
The difference between a plumber and a master plumber is that a master plumber has more experience in plumbing, as well as familiarity with business management. Other plumbers tend to have less experience and focus on the plumbing aspects of the job rather than the business.
To become a master plumber students receive extensive training and must pass a licensing and certification exam. This process takes 7-10 years. After high school, the first step is to attend a plumbing school, or vocational school for plumbing, to learn the technical aspect of plumbing. Upon completion of classroom learning, students begin an apprenticeship for 4-5 years as a paid learning opportunity working alongside an experienced plumber. Students can then apply for a license as a plumber or obtain a journeyman’s license and work another 4-5 years under the supervision of a master plumber. The final step is taking a certification test.
According to U.S.News, the average plumber salary is around $55,000 annually, while a master plumber salary is higher at around $63,000.
Sheet Metal and HVAC Jobs
HVAC meaning: HVAC is an abbreviation for heating, ventilation, and air conditioning. An HVAC technician is someone who installs, repairs, and maintains air conditioning, heating, ventilation, and refrigeration systems. HVAC technicians are trained in all three components, but they can choose to work with just one specialty. They may specialize in installation, repair, or maintenance, or in a certain type of equipment, including water-based heating, solar technology, or commercial refrigeration.
The HVAC and sheet metal CTE program teaches students the skills to install, service, and repair heating and air conditioning systems. They can also learn the creation, installation, and repair of sheet metal products. Public school CTE students can work toward their HVAC certification while still in high school. Students can learn the skills needed to enter the HVAC industry as technicians, prepare for a degree in construction management, or pursue an apprenticeship.
The Masonry CTE pathway explores laying materials such as brick, tile, concrete, mortar, and the construction and repair of walls and structures using stone.
What is Masonry?
Masonry consists of building structures from single units that are laid and bound together with mortar. Brick, stone and concrete blocks are the most common materials used in masonry construction. Masonry work involves time, complete planning, and discussion. While it has its own share of disadvantages, it’s still considered the most reliable and durable method of construction. New York Engineers
SWISD CTE Construction Program
In the Southwest ISD Construction program, students receive hands-on experiences to explore many pathways and find the perfect fit for themselves. The CTE program helps students develop communication skills and teamwork skills while earning a certification in a related field. The students helped build several mini-libraries for Spicewood Elementary school and the surrounding community.
Sources and Additional Information on becoming an architect, construction manager, or other trade school careers
- College Vine- How to Become an Architect
- Architectural Record- Top Architecture Schools
- Trade Schools Near Me/ Vocational Schools Near Me- Find My Trade School
- Carpentry Classes Near Me- Trade Schools, Colleges, ad Universities
- Association for Career and Technical Education (ACTE)
- Career and Technology Association of Texas (CTAT)
- Association of Texas Professional Educators (ATPE)
- Texas Construction Crafts Instructors Association
- National Association of Home Builders (NAHB)
- Texas Industrial Vocational Association (TIVA)
- National Organization of Minority Architects (NOMA)
- Texas Board of Professional Engineers
- Architectural Design Program of Study
- Carpentry Program of Study
- Construction Management Program of Study
- Electrical Program of Study
- HVAC and Sheet Metal Program of Study
- Masonry Program of Study
- Plumbing and Pipefitting Program of Study
- Go Public CTE programs page